If you know something that I am missing, by all means, shoot me an email or leave a comment, and let me know! Allied forces break through the Hindenburg Line On this day inafter a hour-long bombardment, Allied forces breach the so-called Hindenburg Line, the last line of German defenses on the Western Front during World War I. Built in latethe Hindenburg Line—named by the British for the German commander in chief, Paul von Hindenburg; it was known to the Germans as the Siegfried Line—was a heavily fortified zone running several miles behind the active front between the north coast of France and Verdun, near the border of France and Belgium. By Septemberthe formidable system consisted of six defensive lines, forming a zone some 6, yards deep, ribbed with lengths of barbed wire and dotted with concrete emplacements, or firing positions.
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We are always happy to assist you. A a continually evolving social science B an old, fully established profession C a practice that has not yet come of age D a profession that is practiced mostly in the United States Answer: To track the development of the practice of public relations from ancient times to the present.
Reflective thinking 2 Which major trend below is contributing to the evolution of the practice of public relations in the United States?
A increasing numbers of mom-and-pop retail, startup companies B greater pressure to become a profession like law or accounting C heightened public awareness and media sophistication D a growing number of online degree programs Answer: A healthy competition with the advertising industry B the need for organizations to defend themselves against negative publicity C the country's free enterprise system D participation in a free and open democratic society Answer: Reflective thinking 5 Professor Marshall McLuhan has become known for predicting.
A unimaginable growth in computer-related equipment B the world would become a "global village" C the death of the newspaper D the emergence of mass communication Answer: Information technology 6 Which of the following is NOT a major trend contributing to the evolution of the practice of public relations?
A growth in use of traditional distribution systems, including cars, trucks, and airlines B growth of big institutions C heightened public awareness and media sophistication D dominance of the Internet and growth of social media Answer: A unhappiness with large institutions B minority and women's rights movements C consumerism D an unstable health care system Answer: Analytical thinking 8 While public relations is a 20th-century phenomenon, its roots are.
A relatively new B tied to the future C ancient D timeless Answer: A They were masters of rhetoric and reasoning. B They established a model for today's lobbyists.
C They gathered in the amphitheaters to extol the virtues of political candidates. D They were not elected to leadership positions because they were good speakers.
A Massachusetts Bay Colony; George Washington set the Pilgrims free B nation; colonists disgraced themselves by reminding loyalists that: A the persuasive power of early American communicators B that poetry can be highly persuasive C the colonists' love for the written word D how much the British despised American freedom Answer: A Barnumites; press agents B muckrakers; journalists C publicity bureau; press agents D lobbyists; sophists Answer: Reflective thinking 15 A principal contribution to the field of public relations made by Ivy Ledbetter Lee was.
A recognition that the public needed to be informed B devotion to assisting "robber barons" in damning the public C support for techniques employed by Barnum D an enduring belief in muckraking Answer: To underscore the contribution to the field of two pioneers, in particular, Ivy Lee and Edward Bernays, whose philosophies and policies set the tone for modern-day public relations.
A recognition that any publicity was good as long as a client's name was spelled correctly B commitment to present his client's point of view honestly, accurately, and forcefully C formation of third-front organizations D creation of "people in the street" interviews Answer: A He counseled clients that positive public relations begins with performance.
B He advocated for Barnum's "public-be-fooled" approach. C He advocated for Vanderbilt's "public-be-damned" philosophy. D He was known as the "father of spin. B Organizers mounted publicity campaigns against both wars. C The Central Intelligence Agency used "brainwashing" techniques on spies.
D The government used public relations techniques to mobilize public opinion. Analytical thinking 19 Publicity and press agentry today are often considered to be the same thing, thanks to.
A the first public relations firm called the Publicity Bureau, which specialized in general press agentry B the firm led by Ivy Lee that specialized in counseling top management in the value of building public confidence and trust C corporate guidelines set down by Arthur Page and Paul Garrett D efforts by Edward Bernays and Doris Fleischman to introduce social psychology techniques in developing strategic communications advice Answer: Bernays's biggest contributions to the field of public relations was.
A recruiting Don Hillman, the first distinguished senior practitioner B designing the first degree program in public relations C using approaches that drew upon insights from the field of psychology D understanding the importance of integrating advertising into campaigns Answer:The remaining 16 chapters examine noted PR crisis cases including the two classics: Johnson&Johnson and the Tylenol murders (textbook example of doing everything right) and the Exon Valdez Oil .
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Antananarivo, Madagascar U.S. Embassy Antananarivo alerts U.S. citizens to a plague outbreak which occurs each year in Madagascar.
To date, there have been confirmed cases and deaths. Written as a primer for crisis communications, public relations, and communications management, Crisis Communications serves as an essential resource in the practice of public relations and corporate communications.
Feb 22, · Generally, public relations employees in an agency are aware of the steps to take for crisis communication. A crisis communications action plan must be developed that follows the best practice guidelines for crisis management.