Opened inthis is the oldest bridge on the river. Numerous highway bridges over the Irtysh exist in China, Kazakhstan, and Russia. There are no bridges of any kind on the Irtysh downstream of Tobolsk nor, for that matter, anywhere on the Ob downstream from its confluence with the Irtysh.
Katz  proposes Komi ob 'river' as the immediate source of derivation for the Russian name. The Ob's The irtysh river main course is within Russia, though its tributaries extend into KazakhstanChina and Mongolia. Originating in Chinathe Irtysh is actually longer than the Ob from source to the point of their confluence.
From the source of the Irtysh to the mouth of the Ob, the river flow is the longest in Russia at 4, kilometers 2, mi. Other noteworthy tributaries are: The river basin of the Ob consists mostly of steppetaigaswamps, tundraand semi-desert topography.
The floodplains of the Ob are characterized by many tributaries and lakes. The Ob River crosses several climatic zones.
The upper Ob valley, in the south, grows grapes, melons and watermelons, whereas the lower reaches of the Ob are Arctic tundra. The most comfortable climate for the rest on the Ob are BiyskBarnaul, and Novosibirsk. The importance of navigation in the Ob basin for transportation was particularly great before the completion of the Trans-Siberian Railwaysince, despite the general south-to-north direction of the flow of Ob and most of its tributaries, the width of the Ob basin provided for somewhat indirect transportation in the east-west direction as well.
Until the early 20th century, a particularly important western river-port was Tyumenlocated on the Tura Rivera tributary of the Tobol. Reached by an extension of the Ekaterinburg - Perm railway inand thus obtaining a rail link to the Kama and Volga rivers in the heart of RussiaTyumen became an important railhead for some years until the railway extended further east.
In the eastern reaches of the Ob basin, Tomsk on the Tom River functioned as an important terminus. Tyumen had its first steamboat inand steamboats have navigated the middle reaches of the Ob since The first steamboat on the Ob, Nikita Myasnikov's Osnova, was launched in ; the early starts were difficult, and it was not until that steamboat shipping started developing in the Ob system in a serious way.
Steamboats started operating on the Yenisei inon the Lena and Amur in the s. In there were 49 steamers on the Ob; 10 on the Yenisei. The Trans-Siberian Railway, once completed, provided for more direct, year-round transportation in the east-west direction.
But the Ob river-system still remained important for connecting the huge expanses of Tyumen Oblast and Tomsk Oblast with the major cities along the Trans-Siberian route, such as Novosibirsk or Omsk. In the second half of the 20th century, construction of rail links to LabytnangiTobolskand the oil and gas cities of Surgutand Nizhnevartovsk provided more railheads, but did not diminish the importance of the waterways for reaching places still not served by the rail.
A dam built near Novosibirsk in created the then-largest artificial lake in Siberiacalled Novosibirsk Reservoir. From the s through s, Soviet engineers and administrators contemplated a gigantic project to divert some of the waters of Ob and Irtysh to Kazakhstan and the Soviet Central Asian republics, replenishing the Aral Sea as well.
The project never left the drawing board, abandoned in for economic and environmental considerations. These lakes drain into the Techa Riverwhose waters ultimately flow into the Ob River near the end of its path. The larger tributaries along its course are:From its origins as the Kara-Irtysh (Black Irtysh) in the Mongolian Altay mountains in Xinjiang, China, the Irtysh flows northwest through Lake Zaysan in Kazakhstan, meeting the Ishim and Tobol rivers before merging with the Ob near Khanty-Mansiysk in western Siberia, Russia after 4, kilometres (2, mi).
The Ob-Irtysh is the world's seventh-longest river at 3, miles long. It begins at the junction of the Biya and Katun rivers, in the Altai Mountains, and flows through Siberia to the Gulf of Ob.
It is made up of the Ob, the main river, and the Irtysh, its main tributary. Irtysh River Length: km The basin area: 1 km 2. The Irtysh river is a river in Siberia and Kazakhstan, the main tributary of the Ob.
The length of the Irtysh is km, which exceeds the length of the river Ob. Irtysh together with the Ob river - the longest river in Russia, the second longest in Asia and the seventh in the world ( km). The Irtysh River (Russian: Иртыш; Kazakh: Ertis / Ертiс; Chinese: 额尔齐斯河 / É'ěrqísī hé; Mongolian: Эрчис мөрөн, "Twirl"; Tatar: Cyrillic Иртеш, Latin İrteş) is a river in Siberia and Kazakhstan.
It is the main tributary of the Ob River. The main tributary of the Irtysh is the Tobol lausannecongress2018.comy: Mongolia, China, Kazakhstan, Russia.
Nov 05, · The Haba River Shankou Dam (Template:Zg, Haba River Shankou Hydroelectric Station) is a concrete-face rock-fill dam on the Haba River, a tributary of the Irtysh River. It is located in Habahe County of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in China. This river is also referred to the Ob-Irtysh River due to its main tributary, the Irtysh River.
The Irtysh is 2, miles long. It flows in northwestern direction through Lake Zaysan in Kazakhstan, merges with the Ishim and Tobol rivers and then with the Ob near Khanty-Mansiysk in western Siberia, Russia.