Received May 18; Accepted Sep 5.
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Abstract Research at the individual level of corporate social responsibility CSR has been growing rapidly. Yet we still lack a more complete understanding of why and how individuals i. This study contributes to that gap by exploring the relationship between CSR and employee engagement.
Moreover, in order to address the problem of low levels of employee engagement in the workplace, CSR is proposed and tested as a pathway for engaging a significant part of the workforce.
Building on engagement theory, a model is tested in which CSR enables employees to bring more of their whole selves to work, which results in employees being more engaged.
Data from 15, employees in a large professional service firm in the USA was analyzed using structural equation modeling.
Results show that authenticity i. However, the other mediator tested in this study, perceived organizational support POS; i. In addition, results of moderated mediation suggest that when CSR is extra-role i.
Moreover, post hoc analyses show that even when POS is controlled for, authenticity has an impact above and beyond POS on employee engagement. These results extend prior CSR literature which has often been top—down and has focused on how employees will be positively affected by what the organization can give them e.
Rather, a bottom—up approach might reveal that the more that employees can give of their whole selves, the more engaged they might be at work.
On the one hand, employee engagement is a major concern for organizations—just in the USA alone, it is estimated the USA economy loses an estimated to billion USD annually due to decreased productivity from disengaged employees Gallup, On the other hand, the lack of employee engagement is also a broader societal issue in that employees are spending more and more time at work, yet if work is not meaningful, it can negatively affect employee well-being Hulin, For example, a study by Diener and colleagues Time, found that work is not even among the top eight sources of satisfaction in life—a key dimension of subjective well-being.
In parallel, there is a counter-trend emerging in a portion of the workforce in that employees are increasingly engaged at work due to corporate social responsibility CSR. For example, at Walmart, a company widely criticized for its work conditions, CSR became the main source of employee engagement Glavas, One of the initiatives was a Personal Sustainability Plan in which each employee crafted a minimum of one major change they would undertake in order to make their life and work more sustainable—in the end, overemployees voluntarily participated in CSR initiatives, which also resulted in 35, new business solutions that benefitted both the planet and the company Saatchi and Saatchi S, 1.
Therefore, scholars have recently begun exploring the CSR—engagement relationship, with studies finding a positive and significant relationship between CSR and employee engagement e.
Yet, little is known about why, how, and when employees are engaged by CSR Glavas, Therefore, a theoretical model is tested in this study that is built on engagement theory, which puts forward that the more an individual can show of their whole selves at work, the more they will be engaged Kahn, ; Rich et al.
Two critical engagement factors are tested in this study, which are perceived organizational support POS and the ability to be oneself i.
Prior literature has often focused on employees benefitting from CSR due to the support they will receive i. This study empirically tests the proposed CSR—POS relationship and goes one step further to explore whether employee perceptions of CSR enable them to live out more of their whole selves i.
In addition, moderated mediation was explored—specifically, whether the relationship between authenticity and engagement is moderated by extra-role involvement in CSR i.This work also hopes to contribute to current discussions in the area of CSR by bringing a new stream of research into the international business field.
NGOs will have a positive influence on MNEs’ CSR activities in foreign markets. R.
van TulderInternational business, corporate social responsibility and sustainable development. Corporate Social Responsibility: An Analysis of its Impact on Large Companies and Society.
Two theories have been examined as to how CSR and business finances have a positive correlation with one another. One considers stakeholders while the other is a In what ways have you seen your business influence society whether it has to do with.
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND SUSTAINABLE BUSINESS A Guide to Leadership Tasks and Functions • CSR as business case versus development When the value added is considered to be significant and positive, the business case will apply.
Building the business case for CSR, Husted and. Corporate Social Responsibility (business ethics) CSR: Center for Scientific Review factors that influence a company's CSR activities, and the implications of corporate giving to relief efforts for A growing body of empirical research demonstrates that CSR has a positive effect on business performance across key constituencies and.
Positive performance in these areas in return for consumer and local community support, or a “social licence”, is viewed as an informal contract between companies and local stakeholders. on the other hand, China wanted to create its own CSR definition and guidelines that embedded its unique economic situation and business culture.
corporate social responsibility. A helpful way of graphically depicting the four-part definition of CSR that envisions a pyramid composed of four layers.
Economic responsibilities are at the base of the pyramid. The influence of business PACs is offset by labor and other special interest PACs.