Military tribune For the military career track for equestrians, see Tres militiae. This section's factual accuracy is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on Talk: Please help to ensure that disputed statements are reliably sourced.
Bona fides[ edit ] Bona fides is a Latin phrase meaning "good faith". Its ablative case is bona fide, meaning "in good faith", it is often used as an adjective to mean "genuine". While today fides is concomitant to faith, a more technical translation of the Latin concept would be something like "reliability", in the sense of a trust between two parties for the potentiality of a relationship.
In ancient Rome bona fides was always assumed by both sides, had implied responsibilities, and both legal and religious consequences if broken.
Good faith law In lawbona fides denotes the mental and moral states of honesty and conviction regarding either the truth or the falsity of a propositionor of a body of opinion ; likewise regarding either the rectitude or the depravity of a line of conduct.
As a legal concept bona fides is especially important in matters of equity. In insurance law, the insurer's breach of the implied covenant may give rise to a legal liability known as insurance bad faith.
Most US jurisdictions view breaches of implied covenants of good faith and fair dealing solely as a variant of breach of contract. Linguistically, in the US, American English usage of bona fides applies it as synonymous with credentialsprofessional background, and documents attesting a person's identitywhich is not synonymous with bona fide occupational qualifications.
More recently, other common law countries have begun to adopt good faith as a general principle. In Canada, the Supreme Court declared in Bhasin v. Hrynew that good faith was a general organizing principle.
An employer's good faith effort is used as an evaluation tool by the jurisdiction during the annual program review process to determine an employer's level of commitment to the reduction goals of the CTR Law. United States federal and state governments are required by affirmative action and other such laws to look for disabled, minority, female, and veteran business enterprises when bidding public jobs.
Good faith effort law varies from state to state and even within states depending on the awarding department of the government. Most good faith effort requires advertising in state certified publications, usually a trade and a focus publication.
Other countries such as Canada have similar programs. In wikis[ edit ] Public wikis depend on implicitly or explicitly assuming that its users are acting in good faith.offices, as in the expression cursus honorum, the course or career of a Roman magistrate from lesser functions toward the consulate.
Hence the word honour came to mean the respect, esteem, or deference paid to, or received by, a person in consideration of that individual’s character, worth, or position. Cursus honorum: the "sequence of offices" in the career of a Roman politician.
A Roman magistrate and two lictors carrying fasces In the late sixth century BCE, Rome became a republic and was, by definition, ruled by magistrates. The order of advancement through elected offices (magistracies) in Republican Rome was known as the cursus lausannecongress2018.com sequence of offices in the cursus honorum meant that an office couldn't be skipped, in theory.
There were exceptions. Definition of cursus honorum: course of honors: succession of offices of increasing importance Note: In ancient Rome, the cursus honorum was the succession of offices required for a Roman of senatorial rank seeking advancement. The Cursus Honorum requires students to complete two Trans-disciplinary courses (“Quest”), two Inter-disciplinary courses, three Discipline-specific courses, Study Abroad, and a Senior Thesis.
The cursus honorum was, of course, reserved for men; during the entire period of Roman history, women were prohibited from holding political office, though in the Empire their roles as mothers, wives, and daughters of emperors gave a few women very high social status and even a kind of indirect rank.