It is surrounded by and operates in a larger context.
Introduction To many, leaders are not born, but made. It is increasingly accepted, however, that in order to be a good leader, one must have the experience, knowledge, commitment, patience, and most importantly the skill to negotiate and work with others to achieve goals.
Good leaders are thus made, not born. He stated that the basis of a good leadership is strong character and selfless devotion to an organization Jenkins, From the perspective of employees, leadership is comprised of everything a leader does that affects the achievement of objectives and the well-being of employees and the organization Abbasialiya, Leadership involves a type of responsibility aimed at achieving particular ends by applying the available resources human and material and ensuring a cohesive and coherent organization in the process Ololube, Northouse and Rowe described leadership as a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal.
This article contends that effective leadership is crucial to the proper operation and very survival of a non-profit organization. Leadership is arguably one of the most observed, yet least understood phenomena on earth Burns, in Abbasialiya, Over time, researchers have proposed many different styles of leadership as there is no particular style of leadership that can be considered universal.
Despite the many diverse styles of leadership, a good or effective leader inspires, motivates, and directs activities to help achieve group or organizational goals. Conversely, an ineffective leader does not contribute to organizational progress and can, in fact, detract from organizational goal accomplishment.
According to Nayloreffective leadership is a product of the heart and an effective leader must be visionary, passionate, creative, flexible, inspiring, innovative, courageous, imaginative, experimental, and initiates change see figure 1.
Qualities of the leader and the manager This study was enthused by the premise that no nation grows further than the quality of its educational leaders and or educational managers. In this theoretical debate, the authors presented a moderately detail analysis of a theoretical research conducted on the need for African countries especially Nigeria to reform.
This debate focus not simply on what educational leadership is, but the impact it has on school management, teachers and students and the part it plays in meeting the challenges facing education institutions.
The overall purpose of this theoretical debate is to examine the wider context in which leadership is made on effectiveness and improved school management. Theories of Leadership There are as many different views of leadership as there are characteristic that distinguish leaders from non-leaders.
In the more dominant theories of leadership, there exists the notion that, at least to some degree, leadership is a process that involves influence with a group of people toward the realization of goals Wolinski, Charrynoting that scholarly interest in leadership increased significantly during the early part of the twentieth century, identified eight major leadership theories.
While the earlier of these focused on the qualities that distinguish leaders from followers, later theories looked at other variables including situational factors and skill levels. These theories often portray leaders as heroic, mythic and destined to rise to leadership when needed.
The term great man was used because, at the time, leadership was thought of primarily as a male quality, especially military leadership See also, Ololube, Trait Theory Similar in some ways to great man theories, the trait theory assumes that people inherit certain qualities or traits make them better suited to leadership.
Trait theories often identify particular personality or behavioural characteristics that are shared by leaders. Many have begun to ask of this theory, however, if particular traits are key features of leaders and leadership, how do we explain people who possess those qualities but are not leaders?
Inconsistencies in the relationship between leadership traits and leadership effectiveness eventually led scholars to shift paradigms in search of new explanations for effective leadership.
Contingency Theories Contingency theories of leadership focus on particular variables related to the environment that might determine which style of leadership is best suited for a particular work situation. According to this theory, no single leadership style is appropriate in all situations.Welcome to the Faculty for the Built Environment The Faculty for the Built Environment has, as its focus of study, those issues that relate to the design, or “creative organisation”, of the built environment, which is the physical environment that is created as a result of human intervention.
The Faculty aims to address these issues in a holistic manner, from the macro-scale of the urban. Rose Ngozi Amanchukwu 1, Gloria Jones Stanley 2, Nwachukwu Prince Ololube 1.
1 Department of Educational Foundations and Management, Faculty of Education, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. 2 School of Public Health Nursing, Rivers State College of Health Science and Technology. JOHN RUBINO'S LATEST BOOK Read More CHARLES HUGH SMITH'S LATEST BOOK.
Read More. Read More. Our Macro Analytics Partner. Richard Duncan Latest Books. Jul 24, · The study population consisted of all staff and managers working in the organizations and institutes involved in the management of the incident, including Disaster Management Office, Oil Pipeline and Telecommunication Company, Department of Environment, University of Medical Sciences, Water and Wastewater Organization, .
Theme 1: Sustainable Environment Sustainable lighting design for libraries Prof Koli CHEN, Professor in Architecture Department, Tunghai University, Taiwan In a time when energy conservation and environmental protection are considered important, sustainable design is a major step towards sustainable development for libraries.
However, the traditional ways in which lighting is designed and. The top level of environmental factors comprises broader factors in the wider macro-environment of the organization over which the individual company has little or no control. It is from changes and trends in these macro environmental factors that the most significant and far-reaching marketing opportunities and threats for the organization .