Voting Kenya is democratic country.
President also nominates the legislative proposals of his administration in all areas of domestic and foreign policy. The President, in addition, as the main prerogative, approves laws passed by Congress. Thus, the Parliament makes the laws, and the President claims them or not. Furthermore, that reveals the inner unity of the government.
Representation system used in the state is important, because it affects the distribution of power, not only by geographic region, but also because of conflicting interests.
In the Congress, for example, the proportional representation of the senators, established by the Constitution, consists of two Senators from each State, while, in the House, proportional representation for each state is different and depends on its population.
State legislatures are responsible for the formation of constituencies for elections in themselves and the election of delegates from the states in the U. Single-member districts in which one member is selected are the most common in the U.
In contrast to the system of proportional representation and the availability of certain districts, which can be considered as multi-member, the system of elections in single-member districts prevents the growth of third parties and can also significantly diminish the influence of numerous political minorities.
It causes the establishment of a redistricting. Particularly important are the elections held in the year census, which is held within a ten-year interval.
The party that controls the state legislature at the beginning of a new decade sets the boundaries of constituencies for elections to posts in the state legislatures, as well as members of the Congress who remain unchanged until a new census in the next decade.
With the relocation of rural people in the city and its residents to the suburbs, districting was no longer reflecting the true situation. Some sparsely populated areas had greater representation than densely populated urban areas.
Also, the officials, who served in the legislature, for obvious reasons, have been unwilling to take chances in the elections in the densely populated districts, which could deprive the government their own, as well as groups of individuals whose interests they represented.
The winners of the elections in the United States are determined by the system of relative majority. In this system, candidate should get at least one vote more than any other candidate in order to gain parliamentary mandate, regardless of the total number of voters.
Consequently, many officials are elected by a small majority. One can also identify a number of serious shortcomings of the system of relative majority: Voting System distorts the results of the election significantly because of the neglect of the will of the electorate votes for the party that lost.
System is unfair in relation to powerless political parties. Such a formula leads to the dominance of two sometimes three parties, which subsequently monopolize the whole power.
Accordingly, the chances of small and ethnic groups for their representation are remarkably small. Majority of the system tends to exaggerate the results of leaders.
The Democratic Party protects the social programs in the country and provides more assistance to developing countries. These actions require significant financial resources; accordingly many American taxpayers complain about such policies.
Republicans are against excessive spending on social programs education, health care, and unemployment benefits. They vote for a reduction of taxes on businesses, against extensive financial aid to foreign countries.
There is no practice of direct voting in the U. The President is determined by the Electoral College. According to experts, in this system, there are two areas of concern.
In this scheme, the position of the American electorate is ignored. The possible solution is to abolish the Electoral College. However, the adoption of such a decision is very unlikely.
The appropriate changes to the Constitution must be ratified by state legislatures, which are unlikely to part their electoral potential. The other problem of the U. Also, candidates do not an equal access to debates; usually only two candidates - the candidate of the Republicans and the Democrats can take part in debates.
The main problems occurring in the election are:4 Conclusion Many countries have integrated other technologies with their voting system but none of those systems allows voters to vote from the comfort of their beds.
My approach on this project is an idea that has been around for sometime but has never been tried, it a new dawn for voting systems.
Commission on Electronic Voting: summary and conclusions. General observations On the basis of its investigations and its review of expert reports, submissions received and other relevant.
Journal of Information Technology, Vol. 10, No.
4, July The Technical Feasibility and Security of E-Voting Abdalla Al-Ameen and Samani Talab Department of Information Technology, University of Neelain, Sudan Abstract: An Electronic voting (E-voting) system is a voting system in which the election data is recorded, stored and processed primarily as digital information.
Approval voting: Voters cast a vote for any candidate that they approve of, and all of these votes carry equal weight. The problem with these systems is the same as the problem with all of the other systems: depending on which system you use, the election can have unexpected results.
Conclusion. Conclusion. Over the past two centuries we have slowly and painfully expanded our notions of democracy to include ever broader segments of our people.
The franchise has been extended until, today, virtually all citizens 18 years of age and older are entitled to vote. The prime requirement of an electoral system in a democracy is.