He was a Puritan and was the first of the family to emigrate from England, settling in Dorchester, Massachusetts before moving to Salem. There he became an important member of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and held many political positions, including magistrate and judge, becoming infamous for his harsh sentencing. Hawthorne probably added the "w" to his surname in his early twenties, shortly after graduating from college, in an effort to dissociate himself from his notorious forebears.
Childhood Nathaniel Hawthorne was born in Salem, Massachusetts, on July 4,into the sixth generation of his Salem family. His ancestors included businessmen, judges, and seamen—all Puritans, a strict religious discipline.
Two aspects of his background especially affected his imagination and writing career. The Hathornes Nathaniel added the "w" to the name had been involved in religious persecution intense harassment with their first American ancestor, William.
Another ancestor, John Hathorne, was one of the three judges at the seventeenth-century Salem witchcraft trials, where dozens of people were accused of, and later executed for, being "witches. Nathaniel, the only son, spent his early years in Salem and in Maine.
A leg injury forced Hawthorne to remain immobile for a considerable period, during which he developed an exceptional taste for reading and thinking.
His childhood was calm, a little isolated but far from unhappy, especially since as a handsome and attractive only son he was idolized by his mother and his two sisters. With the aid of his wealthy uncles, Hawthorne attended Bowdoin College from to Among his classmates were poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow —and future U.
At Bowdoin, Hawthorne read widely and received solid Nathaniel Hawthorne. His refusal to participate in public speaking prevented his achievement of an outstanding academic record, but he was in good standing.
On one occasion he was fined 50 cents for gambling at cards, but his behavior was not otherwise singled out for official disapproval. Though small and isolated, the Bowdoin of the s was an unusually good college, and Hawthorne undoubtedly profited from his formal education.
He also made loyal friends. Years in seclusion Returning from Bowdoin, Hawthorne spent the years to in his mother's Salem household. Later he looked back upon these years as a period of dreamlike isolation and solitude, spent in a haunted room.
During these "solitary years" he learned to write tales and sketches that are still unique. Recent biographers have shown that this period of Hawthorne's life was less lonely than he remembered it to be.
In truth, he did have social engagements, played cards, and went to the theatre. Nevertheless, he consistently remembered these twelve years as a strange, dark dream, though his view of the influence of these years varied. Writing short stories Most of Hawthorne's early stories were published anonymously without an author's name in magazines and giftbooks.
In the publication of Twice-Told Tales somewhat lifted this spell of darkness. Hawthorne's short stories came slowly but steadily into critical favor, and the best of them have become American classics.
By his own account it was Hawthorne's love of his Salem neighbor Sophia Peabody that brought him from his "haunted chamber" out into the world. His books were far from profitable enough to support a wife and family, so in he went to work in the Boston Custom House and then spent part of in the famous Brook Farm community in hopes of finding a pleasant and economical home for Sophia and himself.
Hawthorne and Sophia, whom he finally married inresorted not to Brook Farm but to the Old Manse in Concord, Massachusetts, where they spent several years of happiness in as much quiet living as they could achieve. Concord was home to Ralph Waldo Emerson —Henry David Thoreau —and Ellery Channing —and Hawthorne was in frequent contact with these important thinkers, though he did not take to their philosophical lifestyles.
Writing the novels Facing the world once more, Hawthorne obtained in the position of surveyor one who maps out new lands in the Salem Custom House, but was relieved of this position in because of his political ties.
His dismissal, however, turned out to be a blessing, since it gave him time in which to write his greatest success, The Scarlet Letter. The association was more important to Melville than to Hawthorne, since Melville was fifteen years younger and the much more impressionable easily influenced of the two men.Nathaniel Hawthorne was born on 4 July in Salem, Massachusetts in the family home at 27 Hardy Street, now a museum.
He was the son of Elizabeth Clarke Manning and Nathaniel Hathorne, a Captain in the U.
S. Navy who died when Nathaniel was four years old. Nathaniel Hawthorne was born on July 4, in Salem, Massachusetts. He spent time in Maine as a youth and spent some time living in Boston, but much of his life until he spent in Salem.
Moreover, the events of in Salem haunted him, especially as . Essays and criticism on Nathaniel Hawthorne - Critical Essays.
Although Hawthorne is still required reading in many American literature courses . Nathaniel Hawthorne, author of the classic novel The Scarlet Letter, believes that every man is innately good and Hawthorne shows that everyone has a natural good side by Hester’s complex character, Chillingworth’s actions and Dimmesdale’s selfless personality.
Nathaniel Hawthorne was born in Salem, Massachusetts, on July 4, , into the sixth generation of his Salem family. His ancestors included businessmen, judges, and seamen—all Puritans, a strict religious discipline. Two aspects of his background especially affected his imagination and writing Died: May 19, Biography Nathaniel Hawthorne.
Salem, Mass; July 4th, Where was Nathaniel Hawthorne born? and when? PhDessay is an educational resource where over 40, free essays are collected. Scholars can use them for free to gain inspiration and new .