Posted on January 16, by Lior One of the many things that is common to humans across cultures is the need to belong and be accepted by others. This is one of the reasons people seek to spend time bonding with family, friends, hobby-buddies, sports fans, and religious congregations.
Psychological needs[ edit ] Abraham Maslow suggested that the need to belong was a major source of human motivation. He thought that it was one of 5 human needs in his hierarchy of needsalong with physiological needs, safety, self-esteemand self-actualization.
These needs are arranged on a hierarchy and must be satisfied in order. After physiological and safety needs are met an individual can then work on meeting the need to belong and be loved. According to Maslow, if the first two needs are not met, then an individual cannot completely love someone else.
Other theories have also focused on the need to belong as a fundamental psychological motivation. According to Roy Baumeister and Mark Learyall human beings need a certain minimum quantity of regular, satisfying social interactions. Inability to meet this need results in lonelinessmental distressand a strong desire to form new relationships.
People with a strong motivation to belong are less satisfied with their relationships and tend to be relatively lonely. According to Baumeister and Leary, much of what human beings do is done in the service of belongingness. They argue that many of the human needs that have been documented, such as the needs for powerintimacyapproval, achievement and affiliationare all driven by the need to belong.
Human culture is compelled and conditioned by pressure to belong. The need to belong and form attachments is universal among humans. This counters the Freudian argument that sexuality and aggression are the major driving psychological forces.
Those who believe that the need to belong is the major psychological drive also believe that humans are naturally driven toward establishing and sustaining relationships and belongingness.
For example, interactions with strangers are possible first steps toward non-hostile and more long-term interactions with strangers that can satisfy the need for attachments.
Certain people who are socially deprived can exhibit physical, behavioral, and psychological problems, such as stress or instability.
These people are also more likely to show an increase in aiming to form new attachments. Attachments[ edit ] In all culturesattachments form universally. Social bonds are easily formed, without the need for favorable settings.
The need to belong is a goal-directed activity that people try to satisfy with a certain minimum number of social contacts. The quality of interactions is more important than the quantity of interactions.
People who form social attachments beyond that minimal amount experience less satisfaction from extra relationships, as well as more stress from terminating those extra relationships. People also effectively replace lost relationship partners by substituting them with new relationships or social environments.
For example, individuals with strong family ties could compensate for loneliness at work. Relationships missing regular contact but characterized by strong feelings of commitment and intimacy also fail to satisfy the need. Just knowing that a bond exists may be emotionally comforting, yet it would not provide a feeling of full belongingness if there is a lack of interaction between the persons.
The belongingness hypothesis proposes two main features. First, people need constant, positive, personal interactions with other people. Second, people need to know that the bond is stable, there is mutual concern, and that this attachment will continue. So, the need to belong is not just a need for intimate attachments or a need for connections, but that the perception of the bond is as important as the bond itself.
Individuals need to know that other people care about their well-being and love them. Baumeister and Leary argue that much of the research on group bonds can be interpreted through the lens of belongingness.
They argue that plenty of evidence suggests that social bonds are formed easily. Initially, the two groups were asked to compete with one another, and hostility between the groups ensued. However, when the two groups were combined to form one big group and were given the opportunity to bond by working together to accomplish superordinate goalsbehaviors and emotions accommodated quickly to that new group.We will write a custom essay sample on Identity And Belonging: Skin.
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English Essay: “We all strive to belong” Belonging is and inherent desire and a basic human need. It is the connections we have with people, places, groups, communities and the world.
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