An overview of the electoral college and its criticism of the 2000 us presidential elections

United States congressional apportionment State population per electoral vote for the 50 states and Washington D.

An overview of the electoral college and its criticism of the 2000 us presidential elections

Gorefinally bringing the presidential election of to an end. By a vote, the Court overturned a Florida State Supreme Court ruling, ordering that the recount of "under-votes" in the state of Florida cease. The election results, certified and announced a month earlier, would therefore stand, giving Republican George Bush a victory in Florida, all 25 of its Electoral College votes, and a nationwide victory over Democrat Al Gore for the presidency of the United States.

Between the 7 November election and 12 December, the nation had witnessed a series of court challenges and legal maneuverings. Florida law allowed for such a procedure; in fact, Florida law stated that county election boards should try to determine the "intent" of the voter when the machine failed to read a poorly marked ballot.

But the Bush camp argued that the resulting spectacle of county officials scrutinizing individual ballots—sometimes with a magnifying glass—to determine if the voter had attempted to make an impression on the ballot was a farce and should be ended.

Of course, they did not put it quite that way. But Kennedy and the others in the majority had no patience for this solution.

They seem moved by the logic of Justice Antonin Scalia that extending the recount did "irreparable harm" to the apparent winner, George Bush, by "casting a cloud upon.

Justice John Paul Stevens, who dissented from the majority, argued that the real loser in the episode was not Al Gore, but the integrity of the Court. The creation of the Electoral College represented something of a compromise at the Constitutional Convention between those who wanted the president to be directly elected by the people and those who believed that Congress was better equipped to make this decision.

An overview of the electoral college and its criticism of the 2000 us presidential elections

But almost from the start, their brainchild proved problematic. In the election ofRepublican Thomas Jefferson accidentally tied his own running mate, Aaron Burr, and the election had to be decided by neither the people nor the Electoral College but by the House of Representatives.

This problem was addressed by the Twelfth Amendment; in the future, Electors would cast their two ballots in separate presidential and vice presidential elections.

But ina different glitch in the electoral process surfaced when Andrew Jackson received a third more votes than his nearest competitor, John Quincy Adams, but still lost the election. Since Jackson did not win a majority in the Electoral College, the election was decided by the House of Representatives, and Adams prevailed.

InDemocrat Sam Tilden also won the popular vote, but there were just enough disputed votes in four southern states to deny him an Electoral College victory. And inGrover Cleveland received almostmore popular votes than Benjamin Harrison but still lost decisively in the Electoral College, In short, history suggests that there will be future contested or murky elections.

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GoreJustice Scalia was probably right in suggesting that the stability of democratic governments depends on popular confidence in the legitimacy of their elections. GoreCourt watchers identified Kennedy as the swing vote.

His questions during oral arguments suggested that he was still undecided as to how he would rule—whether he would side with Scalia, who believed a quick resolution to the Florida fiasco was critical, or with Stevens, who argued that the Court had historically refrained from intervening in issues of this sort.

Ultimately, Kennedy sided with Scalia.The US Presidential election system relies on the Electoral College, an institution established to directly elect the President and Vice President during the presidential elections. The method of choosing the Electoral College is delineated in Article II, Section I, Clauses II and III of the Constitution.

An official says at least 25 people were killed when a speeding bus fell into a canal in southern India.

I. Introduction

United States Presidential Election of On November 4, , after a campaign that lasted nearly two years, Americans elected Illinois senator Barack Obama their 44th president. The result was historic, as Obama, a first-term U.S. senator, became, when he was inaugurated on January 20, , the country’s first African American.

United States presidential elections in which the winner lost the popular vote. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Comparison of the presidential elections of , , , and , in which the Electoral Contemporary issues and criticism .

An overview of the electoral college and its criticism of the 2000 us presidential elections

presidential election revealed weaknesses in Electoral College system Bush-Gore election was a statistical tie Election ultimately decided by US Supreme Court Electoral problems have frequently marred presidential elections in US history On 12 December , the United States Supreme Court.

In the presidential election, after more than a month of ballot counting, recounting, lawsuits, and court decisions, Bush was certified as the winner of Florida's 25 electoral votes by _____ popular votes.

United States presidential elections in which the winner lost the popular vote - Wikipedia