Native Americans form an ethnic group only in a very general sense. In the East, centuries of coexistence with whites has led to some degree of intermarriage and assimilation and to various patterns of stable adjustment. In the West the hasty expansion of… Native American culture areas Comparative studies are an essential component of all scholarly analyses, whether the topic under study is human society, fine art, paleontology, or chemistry; the similarities and differences found in the entities under consideration help to organize and direct research programs and exegeses.
Repeated Section[ edit ] I removed the following section from the article: The talking stick was used in Native North American tribes at council meetings. It was used as courtesy not to interrupt a chief when he was speaking. The talking stick was then passed to the next council member who wished to speak.
The stick was a ceremonial item and was decorated with eagle feathers and crystals to show its significance. Some tribes used a talking feather instead of a stick, while others used a peace pipe, a wampum belt, a sacred shell or other object by which the tribe designated the right to speak Nowadays it is used still by many groups, especially in groups of children or adults who need help preventing discussions from degenerating into cacophonies.
It can make sure that people listen to what is being said and can help keep an interesting discussion focussed.
In particular, it is used in talking circles. A similar concept is that of the 'conch' in the book Lord of the Flies by William Golding. The only person allowed to talk during meetings is the one holding the conch.
This was probably just a bad copy-paste job, I'm trying to find the source.
As I am working on both, I am creating circular references between the two, which is--actually--cheating! Plus all the references are being repeated, as well as much, if not all, text.
Plus, after condensing the text, there is not enough in either artcile for a full-blown article. The merger would flesh out the topics and would bring it up to the point of at least having a table of contents. A talking stick is a physical object.
Having been adopted by different discussion groups today, its aboriginal origin has been obscured, so this article can provide information about its history. Talking circles are a broader subject. In other words, to properly describe the stick you have to do it in the context of the circle, and to properly describe the circle, you have to describe the stick.
What we will have is two pages that are exactly the same, but ordered differently. All the supporting information is the same, and hence has to be repeated in both of the articles which is redundant, and is slowing down the process of creating the documentation to help bring acceptance to the mainstream for recognition of the political process.
Seeing that you see the value in this material, I would think you would want to move the documentation process forward. Thank you for your work in furthering the development of both articles.
I've added to talking stick and can continue to do so. A talking circle is a method of communication, while a talking stick is a tool and artifact used in the communication. Both articles mention the other, which is entirely appropriate but doesn't require them being merged.
Talking sticks have evolved as specific Northwestern Coast art form that continue to be carved today.
I try to avoid linking to commercial art galleries' websites, where the main source of information about talking sticks are, but can hopefully find more museum and scholarly citation.
In current Aboriginal use and experimental recreations, the stick tends to be even things out such that all have equal input. Also, much of the removed material first entry may be relevant. I've cited all my additions to the article.
For every point cited I write many APA-style papers for psychology an antithetical citation and be produced. As Aboriginals were largely exterminated by Western authority, material they may have provided never came to be.
Even, on rare occasions, when Western researchers attempted to preserve culture through ethnology, they still suffered the oligarchic, Socratic worldview that defined Western authority through academia--and continues to reinforce it.
Aboriginal recovery worldwide has been reconstructive talking sticks are found world-wide.
As Aboriginals are now "wholly in the know" about authority, and I am certain that their material will be "authoritarian" in the coming years. In a tribal council circle, a talking stick is passed around from member to member allowing only the person holding the stick to speak.
This enables all those present at a council meeting to be heard, especially those who may be shy; consensus can force the stick to move along to assure that the "long winded" don't dominate the discussion; and the person holding the stick may allow others to interject.
Talking sticks have high ceremonial and spiritual value, and have proved to be exceedingly useful during current implementations.
This is the material that you replaced it with: The talking stick may be passed around a group or used only by leaders as a symbol of their authority. If you ever attended a talking-stick-facilitated ceremony or discussion, you would know this to be absolutely false. I have attended many, which motivated me to completely rewrite, and now attempt to save, this article.This article is within the scope of WikiProject Indigenous peoples of North America, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of Native Americans, Indigenous peoples in Canada, and related indigenous peoples of North America on Wikipedia.
Native American, also called American Indian, Amerindian, Amerind, Indian, aboriginal American, or First Nation person, member of any of the aboriginal peoples of the Western Hemisphere, although the term often connotes only those groups whose original territories were in . But Twyla Baker, an educator and citizen of the Three Affiliated Tribes of North Dakota, criticized Warren for claiming a Native American identity based on DNA test results, which are not specific.
If you're talking about the Americas in general it's the Aztec, Maya, Inca, and other Meso-American cultures. If you're talking about Native American as it is understood in the USA it's a .
There are many American Indian tribes native to the Southwest of the United States. These tribes are located in Arizona, New Mexico, and Colorado (the southern section). There are five tribes from the Southwest: Apache, Hopi, Navajo, Pueblo, and Zuni. Most of these Southwest Indians lived in villages and farming was their main occupation. The Indian Tribes of North America Updated: September 28, | America, Native American | 2 | Swanton’s The Indian Tribes of North America is a classic example of early 20th Century Native American ethnological research. If you're talking about the Americas in general it's the Aztec, Maya, Inca, and other Meso-American cultures. If you're talking about Native American as it is understood in the USA it's a .
Indian Tribes and Languages of North America Click on each country for a listing of Native American tribes that have lived there.
Texas A&M University has received a grant as part of a $ million National Park Service effort to return ancestral remains and sacred objects to Native American tribes and organizations.