Family[ edit ] Bolzano was the son of two pious Catholics. Only two of their twelve children lived to adulthood. Career[ edit ] Bolzano entered the University of Prague in and studied mathematicsphilosophy and physics. Starting inhe also began studying theologybecoming a Catholic priest in
Bernard Bolzano's parents were Bernard Pompeius Bolzano and Maria Cecilia lausannecongress2018.com mother Maria, the daughter of a Prague merchant, was German speaking and a devout Roman Catholic. Bernard Bolzano senior, the father of the subject of this biography, was born in the north of Italy and had emigrated to Prague. ImageModel for Bernhard Bolzano (Bohemian mathematician and theologian). Bernard Bolzano has books on Goodreads with 95 ratings. Bernard Bolzano’s most popular book is Paradoxes of the Infinite (Routledge Revivals).
Prague, Czechoslovakia, 5 October ; d. Prague, 18 December Philosophy, mathematics, logic, religion, ethics. Bolzano was born in one of the oldest quarters of Prague and was baptized Bernardus Placidus Johann Nepomuk. His mother, Caecilia Maurer, daughter of a hardwre tradesman in Prague, was a pious woman with an inclination to the religious life.
At the age of twenty-two she married the elder Bernard Bolzanoan Italian immigrant who earned a modest living as an art dealer. The father was a widely read man with an active social conscience, and felt responsible for the well-being of his fellow men.
He put his ideas into practice and took an active part in founding an orphanage in Prague. Bernard was the fourth of twelve children, ten of whom died before reaching adulthood. Of delicate health, he had a quiet disposition, although he was easily irritated and very sensitive to injustice.
From to he was a pupil in the Piarist Gymnasium, and in he entered the philosophical faculty of the University of Prague, where he followed courses in philosophy, physics, and mathematics.
His interest in mathematics was stimulated by reading A.
The benevolence of the environment in which Bernard Bolzano was reared, both at home and in school, influenced his entire life. In fact, he raised to the supreme principle of moral conduct the precept always to choose that action, of all possible actions, which best furthers the commonweal.
After having finished his studies in philosophy inBolzano entered the theological faculty. This made it possible for Bolzano to reconcile religion with his ethical views and to consider Catholicism the perfect religion. In Emperor Franz I of Austria, of which Czechoslovakia was then a part, decided that a chair in the philosophy of religion would be established in each university.
The reasons for this were mainly political. The emperor feared the fruits of enlightenment embodied in the French Revolutionand therefore was sympathetic to the Catholic restoration that joinmed issue with the spirit of freethinking which had spread over Bohemia.
Bolzano, who had taken orders inwas called to the new chair at the University of Prague in Spiritually, Bolzano belonged to the Enlightenment. Both his religious and social views made him quite unsuitable for the intended task, and difficulties were inevitable.
His appointment was received in Vienna with suspicion, and it was not approved until In the struggle between the Catholic restoration and the Enlightenment action against Bolzano was post poned untilwhen a charge was brought against him at the court in Vienna; his dismissal was issued on 24 December He was forbidden to publish and was put under police supervision.
Bolzano repeatedly refused to recant the heresies of which he was accused, and in the action came to an end through the intervention of the influential nationalist leader J. From on, Bolzano spent summers on the estate of his friend J. He lived there permanently from until the death of Mrs.
Then he returned to Prague, where he continued his mathematical and philosophical studies until his death. His philosophical education—which acquainted him with the Greeks and with Wolff, Leibniz, and Descartes—convinced him of the necessity of forming clear concepts and of sound reasoning, starting from irreducible first principles and using only intrinsic properties of defined concepts.Bernard Bolzano successfully freed calculus from the concept of the infinitesimal.
He also gave examples of correspondences between the elements of an infinite set and the elements of a proper subset.
Bernhard Bolzano: Bernhard Bolzano, Bohemian mathematician and theologian who provided a more detailed proof for the binomial theorem in and suggested the means of distinguishing between finite and infinite classes.
Bolzano graduated from the University of . ImageModel for Bernhard Bolzano (Bohemian mathematician and theologian). Bernard Bolzano Kleine Wissenschaftslehre: Auszug Aus Den Ersten Zwei Banden Der Wissenschaftslehre Bolzanos, Verfasst Von Einem Seiner Schuler und Medizin (German Edition) Dec 31, by Jaromir Louzil.
Bernhard Bolzano: Bernhard Bolzano, Bohemian mathematician and theologian who provided a more detailed proof for the binomial theorem in and suggested the means of distinguishing between finite and infinite classes. Bolzano graduated from the University of Prague as an ordained priest in and was.
Bernhard Placidus Johann Nepomuk Bolzano or Bernard Bolzano in English, (October 5, – December 18, ), was a Bohemian mathematician, logician, philosopher, theologian and Catholic priest. He is also known for his antimilitarist views.
Bolzano is an author of German expression, which was his mother tongue.